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What is work permit?

Work permit is an official document provided to the foreigner’s in order to legally work in a country for a certain timespan. To live and work in Canada as a foreigner one must have a valid Canadian work visa. Canada in fact has the highest economic status in the world with the rate of unemployment under 8% and assumed to be 6.5% by the year 2026. The ease in finding jobs with higher pay makes the country susceptible to huge inflow of foreigners to work and study. Finding jobs in Canada is easy and fast as there are numerous working areas.

As a foreigner one needs to study about the types of work permit provided by Canada.

Some of them are as below

Open work permit

This type of permit is common and widely used by foreigners as it does not require specific working field. With this type of permit an individual can work for any companies in Canada

Who is this for?

This type of work permit is provided to the foreigners who wanted to work in Canada in their own choice. They can choose the type of work that is feasible to them and does not require specific work specifications.

Employer specific work permit

This is different type of work permit where the employer is specific and the workers are demanded and hired on demand. The span of permit, its salary, and duration of employment, location and company are predefined in the conditions in the work permit. This type of work permit also requires Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA).

Who can apply for work permit in Canada?

The people who can meet the visa requirements can apply for work permit in Canada. Anyone with the following eligibility can apply for the work visa in Canada

  • Returning proof after work permit expires
  • Have sufficient fund to work and stay in Canada
  • Have clear police records
  • Is in good health
  • Is able to provide any documents if asked by officials

What are the types of Canadian work visas?

International Mobility Program (IMP)

In this type of work visa different employers in Canada offer and hire employees from different locations around the world as per the Need of the Canadian companies. The worker can be hired in both temporary and permanent basis and it doesn’t require Labor Market Impact Assessment (LMIA).

This type of work visa can lead to applying for the temporary residency visa and eventually applying for permanent work visa.

This type of visa includes the following:

Post graduate work permit program

This type of program is for the international individuals who have completed their study from Canada.

Reciprocal Youth Change  Agreements

This program is for the people of ape 18-35 years who have a interest to study and work in Canada.

International Free Trade Agreements

Intra-company transfer Program

If any individual has been working in a Canadian or global company and desires to work in the Canadian branch can apply and get this type of visa.

Bridging Open-Work Permit

This type of visa is given to the temporary residents of the Canada who are in process to get a permanent residency.

Circumstances of social/Cultural Benefit of Canada

This type of visa is given to the individual who has a great socio/cultural history and can contribute the Canada in different aspect.

Working Holiday Visa (IEC)

There are 34 countries which have youth mobility agreement with Canada and the people from these countries can live and work in Canada as a part time.

This is a temporary visa which lasts from 1 to 2 year. This type of visa can lead to temporary residency and permanent residency.

Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP)

In this type of working visa Canadian employees hire different people to work for them. This visa is offered to special skilled manpower if the worker of that type is not available in the Canada.

There are different types of TFWP Streams as below:

  1. High wage worker steam
  2. Low Wage Worker Steam
  3. Agriculture Worker Steam
  4. Seasonal Agriculture Worker Program (SAWP)
  5. Global Talent Steam (GTS)
  6. Home Care Provider Steam
  7. Foreign Academics

                            In order to apply for this type of visa, this is the requirements

  • Valid Offer Letter
  • Passport
  • Documents that meet requirements
  • Report of medical Examination
  • Police Clearance Report
  • English Test Results
  • Copy of LMIA
  • Funds Documents

  Post-Graduate Work Permit Program (PGWP)

This is a type of visa who has studied in Canada. This visa allows working fulltime and this visa is valid for 8 months to 3 years.

What is a labour market impact assessment?

A labour Market Assessment (LMIA) refers to the document that is issued by Employment And Social Development Canada (ESDC).

Positive LMIA

– it indicates that the Canadian employer cannot meet Canadian to work in the required work position.

Negative LMIA

– it indicates that the Canadian employer can meet Canadian to work in the required work position.

If the LMIA is approved it is valid for 6 months.

Can I take my spouse with me in Canada?

If you are a student in Canada or planning to go to Canada as a student you can also bring them with you by applying their visa and satisfy the visa officer that they will leave the country after their permits expires. It depends on the visa officials to grant the spouse visa.

Students need to submit an application mentioning the terms and conditions for moving to Canada to pursue further education. The spouse can be included in the application and go with the student. If the spouse visa is granted they can work full-time in any companies in Canada as long as the study period lasts.

Apply for spouse visa in canada

How can I find jobs in Canada as a beginner?

Finding a job in Canada has series of steps and procedure to follow:

  • Firstly, make a best Curriculum Vitae (CV) / Resume that will reflect your skillset and your Motive and Skills.
  • Make an appropriate list of job search portals and maintain your personal information on them updated.
  • Focus on your skillset on job search. For e.g. if you are java developer search only for java developer rather than searching jobs for developers as it returns huge results.
  • Apply for the jobs online or via email or letter
  • Be prepared for the response and prepare for the interview from the company
  • Get a job offer letter for the company
  • Get hired for the job

You can even apply for jobs from foreign country along with the visa application for Canada.

Can I change my visa from student visa to work visa in Canada?

If you have completed your studies or would like to stop and work in Canada you will have to switch to the skilled worker visa category. You can change your visa type but it requires series of procedure and qualifications.

How long will it take to complete my work permit procedure?

There are different types of applications based on the types of visas you are applying. The progress of the visa approval can be tracked through online which is updated in every steps.

Most of the permanent residency and the citizenship processing time are updated weekly

Do I need to get placement before going to Canada to work?

The placement depends on the type of visa you are applying; generally you don’t need the placement and can look for the jobs after going to Canada. If you are applying for IMP you will need to get an offer and a placement letter.

How much can we earn in Canada?

The earning can depend on your qualifications and experience as well as the field of expertize. The basic wage determined by Canadian Government as per province is as below:

ProvinceMinimum wage per Hour
British Columbia$15.65
New Brunswick$12.75
Newfoundland & Labrador$13.20
Northwest Territories$15.20
Nova Scotia$13.35
Prince Edward Island$13.70


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